Waste water treatment is crucial for every household where there are no public sewage systems. When you turn on the faucet to wash dishes or do the laundry, all the water travels down the pipe and into the septic tank.
Functioning of a Septic Tank
A septic tank is a rectangular or cylindrical container that is made from concrete, fiber glass or polyethylene that allows for waste water to drain out. Knowing how a septic tank works can give you an idea on how to care and maintain it. Septic tanks consist of two major components, which is the tank and the drainfield.
The top layer consists of organic solids known as scum that floats to the top of the tank. The middle layer is known as the effluent, which is the treated waste water that will get distributed in the environment. The bottom layer is referred to as sludge and refers to hard solids that sink to the bottom of the tank.
If you plan to install a septic tank, you need to have approval of your septic field design for the health or municipality department. They will come inspect your property and do an analysis of the soil and share the results with the department. Your job is not over by installing a septic tank. You need to take care of the tank also.
Proper Care and Maintenance of the Tank
Septic tanks can fail due to many reasons. This is the reason why you need to keep inspecting your septic tank frequently. Some of the ways in which you can care for your septic tank includes:
- Clean the filters on a regular basis to avoid clogging
- Install an effluent filter to prevent solid wastes to enter the septic tank
- Do not waste water
- Ensure that you dispose of the waste properly
- Ensure that you do not flush everything down the toilets or sinks, giving rise to clogging issues
Get your septic tanks inspected frequently by your service provider. You need not have to spend a bomb for minor clogging issues. If you are dealing with a clogged sink, try pouring hot water down the drain. Avoid draining oil, grease and chemicals down the sink. You might want to give some thought for your drainfield also. Ensure that you do not park your vehicle or plant any trees right above your drainfield.
Proper caring of your septic tanks can keep several diseases at bay. It can also reduce the value of your property.